Depersonalization Disorder

When you experience: depersonalization disorder, also known as derealization disorder

  • detached from your body, emotions, and thoughts (depersonalization).
  • disconnected from the surroundings (derealization).

People who have this illness don’t get disconnected from reality. They become aware that their perceptions are false. Depersonalization or derealization disorder may also be a symptom of the following illnesses:

  • brain conditions.
  • epilepsy diseases.
  • mental illnesses like dementia and schizophrenia.

Is depersonalization disorder same as the dissociative disorder?

Depersonalization/derealization disorder is one of the dissociative disorders. Disruptions or breaks in: occur as a result of dissociative disorders, which are psychiatric diseases.

Do psychotic disorders include depersonalization disorder?

Depersonalization and psychotic illnesses are distinguished by consciousness. Depersonalization disorder sufferers are aware that their emotions of detachment are untrue. People who suffer from psychotic disorders think their emotions are genuine. Consult with an Online Counselor for more information.

Depersonalization disorder: who is it in?

Most people who have this illness begin to suffer while they are young. In most cases, depersonalization disease develops between the ages of 16 and 25. It rarely begins after the age of 40.

Depersonalization disorder: How widespread is it?

Short-lived depersonalization and derealization are rather common. This situation occurs when you briefly experience depersonalization symptoms. You momentarily feel detached from who you are or your surroundings. You might feel like reflecting on yourself. Experts estimate that about 50% of people have it. This condition affects 2% or less of the population. Medical intervention is rarely necessary for depersonalization and derealization.

Depersonalization disorder: what is its cause?

Researchers don’t know what causes these diseases. In up to 50% of cases, medical specialists are unable to identify the disorder’s cause.

There may be biological and environmental factors at play. A less sensitive nervous system to emotional stimuli, certain personality abnormalities, or other mental conditions may make some people more prone to developing a dissociative disorder.

Dissociative disorders can also be caused by extreme stress or trauma, such as:

  • a serious mental illness in one of the parents.
  • Abuse (witnessing or experiencing it).
  • A danger that may result in death.
  • Natural disasters.
  • The untimely death of a loved one.
  • War

Additional factors include:

  • some substances, like hallucinogens.
  • being so exhausted
  • Intensive care units may have sensory stimulation or sleep deprivation.


Feeling cut off is the primary symptom of depersonalization/derealization disease. You could feel:

  • disconnected from your body, emotions, and thoughts (depersonalization).
  • Disconnected from your world or surroundings (derealization).
  • Robot-like.
  • like if you are looking in on yourself from somewhere else.
  • as though you were residing in a dream.
  • feeling down, frightened, scared, or as though you’re losing your mind

Some people report having minor, transient symptoms. Others get persistent symptoms, which might persist for years. Your ability to perform daily tasks could be affected by the symptoms. In some cases, they can cause disabilities.


Your doctor will evaluate you if you have symptoms. Your physical and medical histories will be reviewed.

Dissociative diseases cannot be diagnosed by lab procedures. However, your doctor might wish to perform blood or imaging tests (X-ray, CT scan or MRI). These examinations can rule out physical ailments or adverse drug reactions.

You can be referred to a mental health specialist by your healthcare practitioner. You can get help with diagnosis and treatment from a psychiatrist, psychologist, or psychiatric social worker. These professionals speak with you in order to comprehend your experiences and current state of affairs.


People frequently look for help because they are worried about symptoms like depression. The condition may not even be the main problem. You could require treatment if you:

  • The disorder is persistent or keeps coming back (recurrent).
  • The symptoms are distressing or incapacitating.

How is the disorder of depersonalization managed?

The goal of treatment is to deal with the stressors that are responsible for the symptoms. Your doctor bases the design of your therapy on your general health and your triggers and how serious a symptom is.

Treatment frequently consists of a mix of:

Psychotherapy: The main kind of psychotherapy for dissociative disorders is talk therapy. One or more of the following options are available to your provider:

  • Cognitive-behavioural therapy: (CBT) aims to alter unhelpful thought, mood, and behaviour patterns.
  • Dialectic-behaviour therapy: DBT may be beneficial for people with severe personality disorders. It might make it simpler for you to deal with upsetting emotions, such the signs of dissociation. DBT can be beneficial if you’ve experienced trauma or abuse.
  • You can manage post-traumatic stress disorder using EMDR, or eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (PTSD). Other symptoms like recurrent nightmares and flashbacks may also become better.
  • Family therapy: Working together, your family will gain knowledge about the illness. The group learns how to recognise recurring warning signs.
  • Creative therapies: In a secure, artistic setting, art or music therapy can assist you in exploring and expressing your thoughts and feelings.

Other treatments

  • Practices include meditation and relaxation: Being mindful might help you put up with symptoms. You can develop awareness of your emotions and thoughts. It can also assist in calming down your body’s reactions.
  • Clinical hypnosis: Often known as hypnotherapy, is a form of treatment that focuses on deep relaxation, concentration, and attention. The objective is to reach a highly focused state of awareness. A provider can assist you in examining intense emotions, memories, and thoughts. It can assist in identifying a problem’s cause.
  • Medication: There is no medication available to treat depersonalization condition. But addressing depression or anxiety might be beneficial. Your doctor might suggest desipramine or other antidepressants.


Depersonalization/derealization condition could not be curable. But in order to receive therapy, it’s beneficial to be aware of the symptoms.

Seek assistance if you’ve been through a horrific incident. A dissociative disorder’s potential onset risk can be decreased with prompt intervention.


For many people, full healing is possible. Some people’s disorder goes away by itself.

Others find recovery through treatment and addressing the stressors. The underlying problems are resolved through therapy. Continue seeing a therapist to keep the symptoms from returning.

When a problem does not improve after treatment, it may become chronic. The best next steps for you will be discussed with your provider. Feel free to consult best Online Counselor at TalktoAngel for your mental health concern.

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